Q: What are manmade and natural problems can occur while we are in field?

A: by Sri Pramod Kumar, AMD

Do not ignore natures plans… there is no fear if we know that fear…. natural calamity aside, otherwise no such fear working in field…. Equip yourself well

A: Om Prakash Somani, RMML

The man made problems are normally not much except militancy in certain parts of the country as they operate from remote forests, therefore one will have to be careful while venturing in deep forest in these areas. The information of geo-political condition of the area is must before entering in to any remote area. The natural problems may be some times faced like the river you want to cross is suddenly flooded due to excessive rainfall and one has to wait and watch.


3 thoughts on “Q: What are manmade and natural problems can occur while we are in field?

  1. On behalf of Sri Brijbhusah Sharma
    “…Q.9 (1.) Accessibility (2) Wild animals (3) Some times villagers did not allow to collect and study the rock/ore specimens…”


  2. On behalf of Saurabh Priyadarshi, GeoExplorers
    “…During field exploration/field visits a suit of problems may be encountered if the geologist has professionally skilled and has avoided thoughtful and advance preparation befor undertaking site visits for exploration or mining . Such carelessness could be life threatening or fatal as well. In some cases [rofessional carrers too fail much before taking off.Young Geologists generally dont pay attention as they think they are young,smart,tech savvy and strong..but nature is not such fortgiving and hence one cannot forsee its long term consequences.

    Some of the problems could arise due to one or all or a collection of the following.

    1.Site visit without landowners consent.
    2.No idea where the mineral prospect/mining project is located
    3.Not wearing PPE’s like Safety Shoes,Hard Hats,Ear Plugs,Hand Gloves 4.Fluoresecent Jacket
    5.Not having adequate fuel in your 4 wheel drive
    6.Not listening to your team leader or mining hosts
    7.Moving away on your own from your group .
    8.Not knowinh how to read a Topographic Map
    9.Not knowing how to plot traverses on a Topographic Map.
    10.Not knowing how to use Brunton Compass,Clinometer,Triangular Scale and GPS.

    (the list is endless,but I mentioning those which can make or break your professional career)

    2.Fall from hill slopes
    3.Drowning in streams
    4.Animal bites
    5.Infectious Plants-rashes/poisonous
    7.Lost in the field


  3. On behalf of Dr. V.Ganeshan, former Director, GSI

    1.Nowadays public are very much aware of mining and prospecting or any other scientific research work like drilling for oil/gas/coal bed methane or Nutrino studies etc., in the field area falling either in the cultivation land or in forest area or in coastal tract or in barren land. Human habitats are seen everywhere, no area in this earth planet is left as untouched by him. By keeping them in darkness, ie without their knowledge or avoiding them no work can be done.
    2. Of late many of the projects are unhealthy, unlawful, not conducive environmentally to perform in field, because they reported many health hazards. Illegal mining of different minerals including river sand caused imbalance in the mindset of people and in the eco system. Most of the company wastes caused many health hazards to the people and polluted the river and turned the soil/ land not suitable for cultivation. After seeing many of this industrial pollution, the industrialists face many difficulties to satisfy and convince the public.
    3. Other problems may be due to non-maintenance of machineries/vehicles/equipments used for mining excavation.
    4. Blasting of the rock exposures to remove the overburden and not removing the unwanted bodies in different levels will cause noise pollution, disturb the progress of mining and in total the ecosystem will be disturbed.
    5. Unsystematic mining excavation by not leaving safer zone at different levels, deepening the quarry/ mine beyond the permitted level and not allotting proper place for dumping the waste materials


    1.Depending upon the terrain and the geological formations, one has to face certain Problem. (1) If it is a sedimentary strata, while doing opencast mining, lot of sliding of overburden, severe water problem and excavating the overlying formation, transporting the debris and pumping the water and slurry mud will be a continuous and nonstop are the challenges for the miners (eg: (open cast mining due to lose sediments ) -Miocene formation of Tertiary Neyveli lignite.
    (2) If it is a consolidated sandstone, clay and coal bed sequence of Gondwana-Barakar Formation (Permo-Carboniferous) where underground mining techniques adopted by erecting vertical shaft, drives and cross cuts with periodical wooden support pillar systems in different levels of mining. There also severe water problem will be there. In rainy days, sometimes flooding takes place and repeated collapse of support pillars which made the mine in inundation and many miners were buried and not traceable. With severe precautions all coal seam exploration are going on.
    3.Coal seams are occurring in different levels and the geologist should bear in mind the horst and graben structure play the major role in this colleries, so the correlation of beds have to be properly understood and accordingly the excavation techniques have to be streamlined to get good recovery by taking all precautions.
    4. In other geological set up, the foot wall and hanging wall nature and the shear controlled minerlisation concept, different generation of silicification and carbonation with sulphide concentration have to be understood thoroughly to achieve the target…”


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